Fort Frederick State Park is a Maryland state park surrounding the restored Fort Frederick, a star fort active in the French and Indian War (1754–1763) and the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). The park is south of the town of Big Pool on the Potomac River; the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal runs through the park grounds. The site was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1973.Use our Big Pool vacation planner to add Fort Frederick State Park and other attractions to your Big Pool vacation plans.
French and Indian WarFort Frederick was built in 1756-57 by the colony of Maryland. During the French and Indian War in 1756, a £6000 appropriation was authorized by the Maryland Legislature at the request of Governor Horatio Sharpe to build a fortification on the frontier. The fort, named after Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore, was completed the following year. "The fort's design, which was developed by Sebastian Vauban, a French engineer, is a large square with four diamond-shaped bastions. This is typical of 18th century fortifications. The fort is built of native sandstone."
The large stone fort was designed primarily as a place of refuge for area settlers. Between 1757 and 1758, small raids by Indians in nearby settlements caused settlers in the surrounding countryside to flee eastward. At the same time men of the 60th Regiment of Foot and local militia soldiers garrisoned the fort. Ranging parties were sent from the fort to patrol the area and to deter if not prevent Indian raids.
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Fort Frederick State Park reviews
Have driving by on I-70 multiple times and never stopped - finally took an hour to get off the highway and glad we did. Amazing that this was built in 1756 without power equipment. 22' high stone...
Have driving by on I-70 multiple times and never stopped - finally took an hour to get off the highway and glad we did. Amazing that this was built in 1756 without power equipment. 22' high stone... more »
Fort Frederick is an easy 90 minute drive from Baltimore. We visited the fort because of its history dating back to the French and Indian War. We were surprised to have reenactors on site when we...
Fort Frederick is an easy 90 minute drive from Baltimore. We visited the fort because of its history dating back to the French and Indian War. We were surprised to have reenactors on site when we... more »
This was such a surprisingly nice place to visit unexpectedly on the weekend! The state park we were supposed to be visiting was full and turning people away, and Fort Frederick State Park was one of the places they referred us to. When we arrived, there were a couple of families in the picnic area, but not many people. We actually found the Pavilion that was empty, and we followed the instructions on the sign to actually register the Pavilion for our use the same day! It worked out very nicely. A word of caution: The Pavilion has some wasps or hornets nests in the rafters. Although no one was stung, it was slightly disruptive to our guests. It wasn't a major nuisance, but it is certainly a consideration. Otherwise, it is a very nicely shaded Pavilion with decent parking adjacent, and a very large grill for cooking. You can register for up to 50 guests! The children had a very nice playground within walking distance, and there are restroom facilities also within walking distance of the Pavilion.
Great place to visit and learn a bit about history. It's so quiet and peaceful with several hiking trails through the wooded area around the fort. Access to Big Pool is through the park and a trail around the Beaver pond close to the campground.
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