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Trip Planner Europe  /  Lithuania  /  Vilnius County  /  Kernave

Kernave

4.3
Mountains · History Museums · Monuments
Kernavė was a medieval capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and today is a tourist attraction and an archeological site (population 318, 1999). It is located in the Širvintos district municipality located in southeast Lithuania. A Lithuanian state cultural reserve was established in Kernavė in 1989. In 2004 Kernavė Archaeological Site was included into UNESCO world heritage list.Geographic informationKernavė is a small town in the southeaster part of Lithuania, in Širvintos district, located on the right bank of the river Neris, on the upper Neris terrace. It is 21km distance from Širvintos and 35km from Vilnius. It is close to the Vilnius-Kaunas (18km) and Vilnius-Panevėžys (17km) highways. It is possible to travel to Kernavė from Vilnius by the river Neris.Alternate namesIts alternate names include Kernavos, Kernovo, Kiernowo, Kiernów, and Kernuvke .HistoryThe area of Kernavė was sparingly inhabited at the end of the Paleolithic era, with the number of settlements significantly increasing in the Mesolithic and Neolithic eras.The town was first mentioned in 1279, when, as the capital of the Grand Duke Traidenis, it was besieged by the Teutonic Knights. In 1390, during the Lithuanian Civil War (1389–1392), the knights burned the town and its buildings in the Pajauta valley, including the castle. After this raid, the town wasn't rebuilt, and the remaining residents moved to the top of the hill instead of staying in the valley.
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