43 days in Spain, Portugal & Tangier Itinerary

43 days in Spain, Portugal & Tangier Itinerary

Created using Inspirock route planner

Make it your trip
Fly
1
Barcelona, Spain
— 4 nights
Fly
2
San Sebastian - Donostia, Spain
— 3 nights
Drive
3
Haro, Spain
— 2 nights
Drive
4
Astorga, Spain
— 1 night
Drive
5
Santiago de Compostela, Spain
— 1 night
Drive
6
Porto, Portugal
— 2 nights
Fly
7
Lisbon, Portugal
— 4 nights
Drive
8
Evora, Portugal
— 1 night
Drive
9
Faro, Portugal
— 2 nights
Drive
10
Seville, Spain
— 3 nights
Drive
11
Cadiz, Spain
— 1 night
Drive
12
Tarifa, Spain
— 1 night
Ferry
13
Tangier, Morocco
— 2 nights
Ferry
14
Tarifa, Spain
— 1 night
Drive
15
Ronda, Spain
— 2 nights
Drive
16
Malaga, Spain
— 2 nights
Drive
17
Frigiliana, Spain
Drive
18
Granada, Spain
— 3 nights
Drive
19
Toledo, Spain
— 1 night
Drive
20
Segovia, Spain
— 1 night
Drive
21
Madrid, Spain
— 3 nights
Fly

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Barcelona, Spain

— 4 nights

Jewel of the Mediterranean

Barcelona, the country’s second-largest city, is a cosmopolitan urban center known for its throbbing youthful energy and stellar architecture.
Your inner history buff will appreciate Basilica of the Sagrada Familia and Barcelona Cathedral. Your cultural itinerary includes sights like El Barri Gòtic and El Born. Next up on the itinerary: stroll around Parc Guell, see the interesting displays at Carrer del Mirador del Palau Nacional, visit Ciutat Vella, and take an in-depth tour of Museu d'Història de Barcelona MUHBA.

To find more things to do, photos, where to stay, and other tourist information, read our Barcelona online trip maker.

Auckland, New Zealand to Barcelona is an approximately 28-hour flight. The time zone difference moving from New Zealand Standard Time (NZST) to Central European Standard Time (CET) is minus 11 hours. Traveling from Auckland in May, expect nights in Barcelona to be about the same, around 16°C, while days are somewhat warmer, around 25°C. Finish your sightseeing early on the 5th (Thu) to allow enough time to travel to San Sebastian - Donostia.

Things to do in Barcelona

Historic Sites · Neighborhoods · Museums · Wildlife
Find places to stay May 1 — 5:

San Sebastian - Donostia, Spain

— 3 nights

Pearl of the Cantabrian Sea

As one of the anchoring cities of the beautiful Basque Country, San Sebastián boasts a trendy, cosmopolitan vibe while still harboring a relaxed, coastal charm.
Discover out-of-the-way places like St. Mary Gate and Chillida Leku. You'll get in some beach time at Ondarreta Beach and La Concha Beach. Change things up with these side-trips from San Sebastian - Donostia: Getaria (Iglesia de San Salvador & Cristobal Balenciaga Museum) and Ekainberri (in Zestoa). And it doesn't end there: steep yourself in history at Calle San Pedro, explore the historical opulence of Miramar Palace, find your balance on the water with some of the best stand-up paddleboarding in the area, and expand your understanding of the military at Castillo de la Mota.

For other places to visit, more things to do, reviews, and tourist information, read San Sebastian - Donostia road trip planning site.

You can fly from Barcelona to San Sebastian - Donostia in 4 hours. Alternatively, you can drive; or take a train. In May, plan for daily highs up to 22°C, and evening lows to 14°C. Finish your sightseeing early on the 8th (Sun) to allow enough time to drive to Haro.

Things to do in San Sebastian - Donostia

Historic Sites · Parks · Outdoors · Museums

Side Trips

Find places to stay May 5 — 8:

Haro, Spain

— 2 nights
Haro is a town and municipality in the northwest of La Rioja province in northern Spain. On the 8th (Sun), learn about winemaking at Bodegas Riojanas, then do a tasting at Bodegas Valentin Pascual, then contemplate in the serene atmosphere at Iglesia Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion, and finally take in the spiritual surroundings of Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de la Piedad. Here are some ideas for day two: take in the architecture and atmosphere at Church of Santo Tomas, learn about winemaking at Bodegas Martinez Lacuesta, learn about winemaking at Miguel Merino Winery, take in the architecture and atmosphere at Iglesia de Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion, then step into the grandiose world of Castillo De San Vicente, and finally pause for some serene contemplation at Ermita de San Juan de Arriba.

To see ratings and other tourist information, you can read our Haro online route maker.

Traveling by car from San Sebastian - Donostia to Haro takes 2 hours. Alternatively, you can take a bus; or take a train. Traveling from San Sebastian - Donostia in May, you can expect nighttime temperatures to be slightly colder in Haro, with lows of 8°C. Finish your sightseeing early on the 10th (Tue) to allow enough time to drive to Astorga.

Things to do in Haro

Wineries · Historic Sites

Side Trips

Find places to stay May 8 — 10:

Astorga, Spain

— 1 night
On the 10th (Tue), contemplate in the serene atmosphere at Monasterio Benedictino de San Salvador del Monte Irago, take in the history at Puente del Passo Honroso, then contemplate in the serene atmosphere at Astorga Cathedral, then take in the architecture and atmosphere at Iglesia de San Bartolome, and finally pause for some serene contemplation at Iglesia de San Francisco.

To find maps, where to stay, reviews, and other tourist information, refer to the Astorga online trip itinerary planner.

Drive from Haro to Astorga in 3.5 hours. Alternatively, you can take a train; or take a bus. Expect a daytime high around 22°C in May, and nighttime lows around 7°C. Finish up your sightseeing early on the 11th (Wed) so you can go by car to Santiago de Compostela.

Things to do in Astorga

Historic Sites

Side Trips

Find places to stay May 10 — 11:

Santiago de Compostela, Spain

— 1 night

City of Stone

As the site of the sacred cathedral that marks the end of the pilgrimage route of the famous St.
Kick off your visit on the 11th (Wed): take in the architecture and atmosphere at Colegiata del Sar, appreciate the extensive heritage of Monte do Gozo, examine the collection at Museo Catedralicio, then take in the architecture and atmosphere at Igreja de San Fructuoso, then examine the collection at Museo Casa de la Troya, and finally contemplate the long history of Enxebre.

For where to stay, ratings, and tourist information, read Santiago de Compostela online trip maker.

Getting from Astorga to Santiago de Compostela by car takes about 3 hours. Other options: take a train; or take a bus. In May, plan for daily highs up to 21°C, and evening lows to 9°C. Finish up your sightseeing early on the 12th (Thu) so you can go by car to Porto.

Things to do in Santiago de Compostela

Historic Sites · Museums
Find places to stay May 11 — 12:

Porto, Portugal

— 2 nights

Unvanquished City

Called "Oporto" by many, the city of Porto along the Duoro River lent the country and Port wine their names. Portugal's second-largest metropolis dates back to the 4th century, representing both a rich cultural past and industrial present through its architecture and style.
Satisfy your inner culture vulture at Graham's Port Lodge and Porto Augusto's. You'll discover tucked-away gems like Paco dos Duques de Braganca and Igreja do Carmo. Venture out of the city with trips to Guimaraes (Largo da Oliveira & Guimaraes Castle) and Monastery of Saint Mary of Pombeiro (in Felgueiras). Next up on the itinerary: contemplate in the serene atmosphere at Capela das Almas, pause for some serene contemplation at Church of Santa Clara (Igreja de Santa Clara), appreciate the extensive heritage of Rua das Flores, and see the interesting displays at FC Porto Museum.

For where to stay, photos, reviews, and other tourist information, you can read our Porto tour builder tool.

Drive from Santiago de Compostela to Porto in 2.5 hours. Alternatively, you can take a bus. The time zone difference moving from Central European Standard Time to Western European Standard Time is minus 1 hour. Expect a daytime high around 23°C in May, and nighttime lows around 13°C. Finish your sightseeing early on the 14th (Sat) so you can travel to Lisbon.

Things to do in Porto

Historic Sites · Wineries · Museums

Side Trips

Find places to stay May 12 — 14:

Lisbon, Portugal

— 4 nights

City of Seven Hills

Built on seven hills, Lisbon has experienced a renaissance in recent years, making it the cultural star of Portugal.
Explore hidden gems such as Palácio Nacional da Ajuda and National Coach Museum. Mosteiro dos Jeronimos and Park and National Palace of Pena are good opportunities to explore the local culture. You'll find plenty of places to visit near Lisbon: Sintra (Quinta da Regaleira & Sintra National Palace). Next up on the itinerary: explore the historical opulence of Castelo de S. Jorge, snap pictures at Ponte 25 de Abril, appreciate the extensive heritage of Miradouro de Santa Luzia, and don't miss a visit to Belém Tower.

To see reviews, more things to do, ratings, and more tourist information, you can read our Lisbon trip itinerary maker app.

Traveling by flight from Porto to Lisbon takes 3 hours. Alternatively, you can drive; or take a train. When traveling from Porto in May, plan for somewhat warmer days and about the same nights in Lisbon: temperatures range from 28°C by day to 15°C at night. Wrap up your sightseeing on the 18th (Wed) early enough to drive to Evora.

Things to do in Lisbon

Historic Sites · Museums · Parks

Side Trips

Find places to stay May 14 — 18:

Evora, Portugal

— 1 night
The city of Evora functions as a museum of Roman origins and medieval times.
Start off your visit on the 18th (Wed): contemplate in the serene atmosphere at Cathedral of Evora (Se Catedral de Evora), examine the collection at Aldeia da Terra, examine the collection at Aldeia da Terra, then pause for some serene contemplation at Igreja da Misericordia, then examine the collection at Megalithica Ebora, and finally pause for some serene contemplation at Church of Nossa Senhora do Espinheiro.

To see where to stay, photos, traveler tips, and tourist information, read Evora trip planner.

Drive from Lisbon to Evora in 1.5 hours. Alternatively, you can take a train; or take a bus. Expect a daytime high around 30°C in May, and nighttime lows around 13°C. Finish your sightseeing early on the 19th (Thu) to allow enough time to drive to Faro.

Things to do in Evora

Historic Sites · Museums

Side Trips

Find places to stay May 18 — 19:

Faro, Portugal

— 2 nights

Portuguese Venice

The most well-known city in the Algarve, Faro boasts a cliffside location with popular beaches and a thriving cultural scene.
Visit Old Town Faro and Cerro da Vila for their historical value. Get outdoors at Far-EcoTuk and Praia da Alagoa. Change things up with these side-trips from Faro: Praia da Quarteira (in Quarteira) and Praia Verde (in Castro Marim). There's lots more to do: pause for some serene contemplation at Igreja do Carmo, paddle through the water with a kayaking and canoeing tour, and steep yourself in history at Muralhas de Faro.

For where to stay, photos, traveler tips, and more tourist information, you can read our Faro travel route planner.

You can drive from Evora to Faro in 3 hours. Other options are to take a bus; or take a train. Traveling from Evora in May, Faro is a bit warmer at night with lows of 18°C. Finish your sightseeing early on the 21st (Sat) so you can drive to Seville.

Things to do in Faro

Outdoors · Historic Sites · Beaches · Parks

Side Trips

Find places to stay May 19 — 21:

Seville, Spain

— 3 nights

City of Towers

A city of rich Moorish heritage, Seville is the cultural and financial center of southern Spain, and the site of numerous festivals throughout the year.
Start off your visit on the 22nd (Sun): see the interesting displays at Casa Palacio de Las Duenas, steep yourself in history at Museo Palacio de la Condesa de Lebrija, then delve into the distant past at Archaeological Ensemble of Italica, then get to know the fascinating history of Plaza del Triunfo, and finally take in the architecture and atmosphere at Catedral de Sevilla. Here are some ideas for day two: take in the spiritual surroundings of Iglesia de la Caridad, steep yourself in history at Royal Tobacco Factory, then steep yourself in history at Royal Alcázar of Seville, then contemplate in the serene atmosphere at Iglesia de la Magdalena, and finally admire the natural beauty at Jardines de Murillo.

To find ratings, traveler tips, maps, and more tourist information, use the Seville trip planner.

Getting from Faro to Seville by car takes about 2 hours. Other options: take a bus; or do a combination of train and bus. The time zone changes from Western European Standard Time to Central European Standard Time, which is usually a 1 hour difference. In May, plan for daily highs up to 30°C, and evening lows to 17°C. Cap off your sightseeing on the 24th (Tue) early enough to go by car to Cadiz.

Things to do in Seville

Historic Sites · Museums · Parks

Side Trip

Find places to stay May 21 — 24:

Cadiz, Spain

— 1 night
Cádiz is a city and port in southwestern Spain. On the 24th (Tue), contemplate in the serene atmosphere at Cartuja de Jerez, contemplate the long history of Palacio del Virrey Laserna, learn about winemaking at The House of Sandeman Jerez, then get a taste of the local shopping with Bodegas Tradicion, and finally don't miss a visit to Paseo Canalejas. Keep things going the next day: take an in-depth tour of Museo Naval de San Fernando, then stroll through Playa de Los Bateles, then kick back and relax at Playa de la Barrosa, and finally kick back and relax at Cabo Roche.

To see maps, traveler tips, ratings, and tourist information, you can read our Cadiz itinerary planning website.

Getting from Seville to Cadiz by car takes about 1.5 hours. Other options: take a train; or take a bus. Traveling from Seville in May, you will find days in Cadiz are little chillier (27°C), and nights are about the same (17°C). Finish your sightseeing early on the 25th (Wed) to allow enough time to drive to Tarifa.

Things to do in Cadiz

Beaches · Outdoors · Parks · Museums

Side Trips

Find places to stay May 24 — 25:

Tarifa, Spain

— 1 night

Wind Capital of Europe

As the southernmost point in Europe, Tarifa is famous for having the continent’s best windsurfing conditions, making it a well-known surfer’s paradise.
To see more things to do, maps, ratings, and tourist information, you can read our Tarifa trip itinerary site.

Getting from Cadiz to Tarifa by car takes about 1.5 hours. Other options: take a bus. In May in Tarifa, expect temperatures between 25°C during the day and 19°C at night. You will leave for Tangier on the 26th (Thu).

Things to do in Tarifa

Outdoors · Tours · Adventure · Nightlife
Find places to stay May 25 — 26:

Tangier, Morocco

— 2 nights
Separated from Spain by the Strait of Gibraltar, Tangier remains a mix of North African, French, Spanish, and Portuguese cultural influences.
Get some cultural insight at Jewish cemetery of Tetouan and American Legation. Take a break from the city and head to Dalia Beach and Tangier Beach. Explore the numerous day-trip ideas around Tangier: Tetouan (Tetouan Quad Xplorer, Archaeological Museum of Tetouan, &more). There's still lots to do: explore the world behind art at Fondation Lorin and take in the exciting artwork at Traditional Art Gallery.

To see ratings, maps, and more tourist information, you can read our Tangier trip itinerary builder website.

Traveling by ferry from Tarifa to Tangier takes 2 hours. Alternatively, you can take a bus. Due to the time zone difference, you'll gain 1 hour traveling from Tarifa to Tangier. In May, plan for daily highs up to 28°C, and evening lows to 17°C. Wrap up your sightseeing on the 28th (Sat) to allow time to ride a ferry to Tarifa.

Things to do in Tangier

Museums · Outdoors · Beaches · Parks

Side Trip

Find places to stay May 26 — 28:

Tarifa, Spain

— 1 night

Wind Capital of Europe

Kick off your visit on the 29th (Sun): get engrossed in the history at Archaeological Ensemble of Baelo Claudia, kick back and relax at Punta Paloma, get outside with Landsailing Tarifa, then kick back and relax at Los Lances Beach, and finally sample some tasty brews at Beer Bike Tarifa.

To find traveler tips, more things to do, photos, and more tourist information, read our Tarifa journey maker website.

Ride a ferry from Tangier to Tarifa in 2 hours. Alternatively, you can take a bus. You'll lose 1 hour traveling from Tangier to Tarifa due to the time zone difference. Cap off your sightseeing on the 29th (Sun) early enough to go by car to Ronda.

Things to do in Tarifa

Outdoors · Beaches · Parks · Museums

Side Trip

Find places to stay May 28 — 29:

Ronda, Spain

— 2 nights

City of Dreams

Renowned for its deep gorge, the quaint, whitewashed village of Ronda has preserved its charm as an Andalusian country village.
Kick off your visit on the 30th (Mon): do a tasting at Descalzos Viejos S.L., take a pleasant ride with Paddock Paradise Ronda, get great views at Mirador de Aldehuela, then explore the striking landscape at El Tajo de Ronda, and finally take in the architecture and atmosphere at Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Merced Ronda. On the next day, take in the views from Roman Bridge, explore the ancient world of Baños Arabes, admire the natural beauty at Jardines de Cuenca, indulge your senses at some of the top wineries in the area, then admire the striking features of Casa Don Bosco, and finally wander the streets of Old City.

To find where to stay, ratings, traveler tips, and more tourist information, read Ronda trip itinerary builder site.

Traveling by car from Tarifa to Ronda takes 2.5 hours. Alternatively, you can do a combination of bus and train; or take a bus. While traveling from Tarifa, expect somewhat warmer days and slightly colder nights in Ronda, ranging from highs of 31°C to lows of 15°C. Wrap up your sightseeing on the 31st (Tue) to allow time to drive to Malaga.

Things to do in Ronda

Parks · Wineries · Tours · Historic Sites
Find places to stay May 29 — 31:

Malaga, Spain

— 2 nights

Capital of the Costa del Sol

Modern yet historic, Málaga is a lively city famous for being the birthplace of Pablo Picasso.
Kick off your visit on the 1st (Wed): explore the world behind art at Museo de Malaga, delve into the distant past at Teatro Romano, then steep yourself in history at Alcazaba, then admire the landmark architecture of Malaga Cathedral, and finally admire the masterpieces at Colección del Museo Ruso.

Discover how to plan a Malaga trip in just a few steps with Inspirock's itinerary builder.

You can drive from Ronda to Malaga in 2 hours. Other options are to take a train; or take a bus. In May in Malaga, expect temperatures between 29°C during the day and 17°C at night. Finish your sightseeing early on the 2nd (Thu) so you can drive to Frigiliana.

Things to do in Malaga

Museums · Historic Sites
Find places to stay May 31 — Jun 2:

Frigiliana, Spain

Frigiliana is a town and municipality in the province of Málaga, part of the autonomous community of Andalusia in southern Spain. On the 2nd (Thu), see the interesting displays at Museo Arqueológico - Casa del Apero, then indulge your senses at El Colmao Wine and Experiences, then stop by Chocolates Artesanos Frigiliana, and finally stroll the grounds of Mirador del Cementerio Redondo.

To find maps, reviews, and other tourist information, use the Frigiliana road trip planning website.

Traveling by car from Malaga to Frigiliana takes an hour. Traveling from Malaga in June, plan for little chillier nights in Frigiliana, with lows around 17°C. Finish your sightseeing early on the 2nd (Thu) to allow enough time to drive to Granada.

Things to do in Frigiliana

Museums · Wineries · Tours · Historic Sites

Side Trip

Find places to stay Jun 2 — 3:

Granada, Spain

— 3 nights

Pearl of Spain

Granada boasts numerous well-preserved examples of exquisite Moorish architecture, not the least of which is the Alhambra, an ancient citadel and royal palace.
Kick off your visit on the 2nd (Thu): contemplate the long history of Cuarto Real de Santo Domingo. Get ready for a full day of sightseeing on the 3rd (Fri): contemplate in the serene atmosphere at Abadia del Sacromonte, explore the world behind art at Monasterio de la Concepcion, then browse for treasures at Galeria Alea, then admire the masterpieces at Museo de Bellas Artes de Granada, and finally see the interesting displays at Casa Museo Max Moreau.

For other places to visit, ratings, where to stay, and tourist information, read Granada trip planning site.

You can drive from Frigiliana to Granada in 1.5 hours. In June, daytime highs in Granada are 35°C, while nighttime lows are 19°C. Cap off your sightseeing on the 5th (Sun) early enough to go by car to Toledo.

Things to do in Granada

Museums · Historic Sites · Adventure · Outdoors
Find places to stay Jun 2 — 5:

Toledo, Spain

— 1 night

City of Three Cultures

Toledo is a World Heritage Site that embodies the complex cultural history of Spain while remaining a forward-moving, modern city.
On the 5th (Sun), admire the landmark architecture of Puerta del Sol, browse the exhibits of El Transito Synagogue and Sephardic Museum, and then take in the architecture and atmosphere at San Roman Church.

To see other places to visit, reviews, maps, and tourist information, read our Toledo day trip website.

Getting from Granada to Toledo by car takes about 4 hours. Other options: take a train; or fly. Expect a daytime high around 36°C in June, and nighttime lows around 19°C. Wrap up your sightseeing on the 6th (Mon) early enough to drive to Segovia.

Things to do in Toledo

Historic Sites · Museums
Find places to stay Jun 5 — 6:

Segovia, Spain

— 1 night

Light of Castilla

As one of Spain’s most well-preserved medieval cities, Segovia is known for its 1st-century Roman aqueduct that runs through the city center.
Kick off your visit on the 6th (Mon): make a trip to Carcel Real de Segovia., pause for some serene contemplation at San Martin Church, make a trip to La Muralla de Segovia, then examine the collection at House Museum of Antonio Machado, then contemplate in the serene atmosphere at Iglesia de San Millán, and finally contemplate in the serene atmosphere at Padres Carmelitas. Keep things going the next day: see the interesting displays at Real Casa de la Moneda, take in the spiritual surroundings of Monasterio de San Antonio El Real, and then step into the grandiose world of Palacio Real de Riofrío.

Start your trip to Segovia by creating a personalized itinerary on Inspirock.

Drive from Toledo to Segovia in 2 hours. Alternatively, you can take a train; or do a combination of bus and train. Traveling from Toledo in June, you will find days in Segovia are slightly colder (31°C), and nights are about the same (20°C). Finish your sightseeing early on the 7th (Tue) so you can drive to Madrid.

Things to do in Segovia

Historic Sites · Museums

Side Trip

Find places to stay Jun 6 — 7:

Madrid, Spain

— 3 nights

Cultural Capital of Spain

Madrid is known for its cultural and artistic heritage, lively nightlife, and a dynamic culinary scene.
Step off the beaten path and head to Wine Tours & Tastings and Real Basilica de San Francisco el Grande. Prado National Museum and Plaza mayor de Chinchon are good opportunities to explore the local culture. Change things up with these side-trips from Madrid: Iglesia Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion (in Chinchon) and Playa del Alberche (in Aldea del Fresno). Next up on the itinerary: contemplate the long history of Royal Palace of Madrid, explore the world behind art at Museo Sorolla, catch a live event at Plaza de Toros de Las Ventas, and don't miss a visit to Plaza Mayor.

For reviews, more things to do, ratings, and tourist information, you can read our Madrid itinerary builder.

Getting from Segovia to Madrid by car takes about 1.5 hours. Other options: take a train. When traveling from Segovia in June, plan for a bit warmer days and about the same nights in Madrid: temperatures range from 36°C by day to 19°C at night. Wrap up your sightseeing on the 10th (Fri) to allow time to travel back home.

Things to do in Madrid

Historic Sites · Museums · Wineries · Tours

Side Trips

Find places to stay Jun 7 — 10:

Spain travel guide

4.5
Beaches · Architectural Buildings · Landmarks
A colorful country known for its relaxed lifestyle, vibrant nightlife, excellent food, and world-famous folklore and festivals, Spain boasts a huge number of World Heritage Sites and other spectacular places to visit. It also deserves its reputation as a beach vacation destination; the Western edge of the Mediterranean Sea is home to some of the world’s top beaches. But Spain’s geography is so much more than just soft, sandy shores. Its landscapes are as diverse as its people, ranging from lush meadows and snowy mountains to huge marshes and sprawling deserts. The countryside bursts with unspoiled villages of timeless beauty and old-world charm, as well as vast and varied nature preserves.

La Rioja travel guide

4.5
Wineries & Vineyards · Landmarks · Sacred & Religious Sites
La Rioja is an autonomous community and a province in Spain, located in the north of the Iberian Peninsula. Its capital is Logroño. Other cities and towns in the province include Calahorra, Arnedo, Alfaro, Haro, Santo Domingo de la Calzada, and Nájera. It has an estimated population of 322,415 inhabitants (INE 2010).It covers part of the Ebro valley towards its north and the Iberian Range in the south. The community is a single province, so there is no County Council, and it is organized into 174 municipalities. It borders the Basque Country (province of Álava) to the north, Navarre to the northeast, Aragón to the southeast (province of Zaragoza), and Castilla y León to the west and south (provinces of Burgos and Soria).The area was once occupied by pre-Roman Berones, Pellendones and Basques. After partial recapture from the Muslims in the early tenth century, the region became part of the Kingdom of Pamplona, later being incorporated into Castile after a century and a half of disputes. From the eighteenth century the Rioja region remained divided between the provinces of Burgos and Soria, until in 1833 the province of Logroño was created, changing the name of the province to La Rioja in 1980 as a prelude to its constitution under a single provincial autonomous community in 1982. The name "Rioja" (from Río Oja) is first attested in 1099.

Source

Portugal travel guide

4.3
Landmarks · Castles · Beaches
Small in size but rich in history, culture, and natural beauty, Portugal features contrasting landscapes that include long beaches, lush vineyards, verdant valleys, and rolling hills dotted with tiny settlements where old traditions still prevail. The country's serene interior, often overlooked by foreigners, remains largely unspoiled by mass tourism and offers visitors a chance to discover this less-trodden part of Europe at their own pace. Ripe for leisurely adventures on foot or by bicycle, Portugal's fertile countryside boasts well-preserved medieval castles and outstanding wineries, producing some of the world's finest ports. The country's cities offer a lively culinary scene known for its many award-winning restaurants, topping the itineraries of foodies from around the globe.