Novocherkassk Museum of Don Cossacks History, Novocherkassk

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The Museum of history of Don Cossacks is a museum of art, culture and history of Don Cossacks in Novocherkassk, Rostov oblast, Russia. The oldest museum in Southern Russia, it was founded in 1886. Its collections, of which only 151,000 items is on permanent display, comprise over 200,000 items. The collections occupy a complex of four historic buildings in Novocherkassk: the main building on Atamanskaya street, Memorial House-Museum of painter Ivan Krylov, Memorial House-Museum of painter Mitrofan Grekov and the Ataman palace.
The opening of the museum was preceded by major efforts of local historians. The volunteers were united in Society for Don antiquity. The museum building was constructed between 1894 and 1896. It was designed by academician A. Yashchenko. The museum was erected by public donations at first. 30,000 rubles had been collected. The military council of Russian Empire has provided 45,000 rubles.
The opening ceremony took place on 22 November 1899. Museum include six collections: prehistoric, historic, natural historical, library, archival and military regalia. Khariton Popov who founded this museum was the first director. In 1920 due to the Russian Civil War 2726 items were evacuated in Prague. During the Second World War the part of the collection was saved. After the liberation of Novocherkassk the Museum of Don Cossacks reopened. In 1946 the evacuated collections were brought back from Prague National Museum. Nikolay Dubovskoy's art collection was transferred to the Museum in the mid 1940s.
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Novocherkassk Museum of Don Cossacks History reviews

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  • This place has a delightful array of random objects from many periods. Great place to kill an hour or two.  more »
  • Not a bad little museum. There are some very interesting things to see and anyone with any interest in Don Cossacks and their heritage should take a trip to Novocherkassk and visit this museum...  more »

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