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Kratovo

4.3
Kratovo is a small town in Macedonia. It is the seat of Kratovo Municipality. It lies on the western slopes of Mount Osogovo at an altitude of above sea level. Having a mild and pleasant climate, it is located in the crater of an extinct volcano. It is known for its bridges and towers.HistoryPrehistoryTetradrachmas of Philip II of Macedon found in Kratovo might suggest that there was a settlement here in antiquity. In the Roman period there was a settlement called Tranatura located within the modern city municipality. There was a mine nearby and the town was the seat of local authorities. No remains of the settlement has been found, however, remnants of Roman fortification were found on Zdravče kamen hill above the town.Middle AgesThe golden age of Kratovo started after 1282 when it became part of the Kingdom of Serbia. In all probability the wealth of the town came from its mines. Saxon miners and Dubravian merchants from Ragusa who already had worked in other parts of Macedonia settled here. The town was first mentioned under its current name in 1330. Gold, silver, lead, iron and copper were mined in the immediate vicinity and in wider surroundings of the town. During the reign of Emperor Stefan Dušan of Serbia the mines of Kratovo were the prime source of wealth of despot Jovan Oliver. After his death, during the fall of the Empire under Stefan Uroš V the town came into the hands of the Dejan family. Konstantin Dejan minted his silver coins here. The Ragusan merchant colony grew larger and took over the best part of trading.
Kratovo is in Republic of North Macedonia. Use our Republic of North Macedonia tour itinerary tool to arrange your visit to Kratovo and other destinations in Republic of North Macedonia.
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