Iztaccihuatl, Central Mexico and Gulf Coast

Iztaccíhuatl, is a 5230m dormant volcanic mountain in Mexico located on the border between the State of Mexico and Puebla. It is the nation's third highest, after Pico de Orizaba 5636m and Popocatépetl 5426m.
The name "Iztaccíhuatl" is Nahuatl for "White woman", reflecting the four individual snow-capped peaks which depict the head, chest, knees and feet of a sleeping female when seen from east or west.
Iztaccíhuatl lies to the north of Popocatépetl, to which it is connected by the high altitude Paso de Cortés. Depending on atmospheric conditions the dormant volcano is visible much of the year from Mexico City some 70km to the northwest.
The first recorded ascent was made in 1889, though archaeological evidence suggests the Aztecs and previous cultures climbed it previously. It is the lowest peak containing permanent snow and glaciers in Mexico.
The summit ridge of the massive 450km3 volcano is a series of overlapping cones constructed along a NNW-SSE line to the south of the Pleistocene Llano Grande caldera. Andesitic and dacitic Pleistocene and Holocene volcanism has taken place from vents at or near the summit. Areas near the El Pecho summit vent are covered in flows and tuff beds post-dating glaciation approximately 11 ka (thousand years ago). The most recent vents are located at El Pecho and a depression at 5100m along the summit ridge midway between that summit and Los Pies.
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Iztaccihuatl Reviews
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  • We went to climb Izta with a group of friends. It is a nice long day with spectacular views, especially watching Popo erupt fairly close to you. Very scenic and we all have the best pictures we could....  more »
  • Incredible mountain having guide recommended. Nice high altitude climb great views ... impressive nature close to Mexico City.  more »
  • The remains of the stone "tetzacualco" or shrine were found in the middle of a natural pond, some 3,870 metres or 12,700 feet above sea level, in the shadow of the dormant Iztaccihuatl volcano. Archaeologists from INAH have been working on the site since 2016. It takes the geometric shape of a quincunx, with stones forming a rectangle around the area as well as a central point depicting where Cipactli would have lurked.
  • outstanding landscape and hiking site
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