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Ss. Quattro Coronati, Rome

4.7
#77 of 523 in Historic Sites in Rome
Santi Quattro Coronati is an ancient basilica in Rome, Italy. The church dates back to the 4th (or 5th) century, and is devoted to four anonymous saints and martyrs. The complex of the basilica with its two courtyards, the fortified Cardinal Palace with the Saint Silvester Chapel, and the monastery with its cosmatesque cloister is built in a silent and green part of Rome, between the Colosseum and San Giovanni in Laterano, in an out-of-time setting.The ''Santi Quattro Coronati''"Santi Quattro Coronati" means the Four Holy Crowned Ones, and refers to the fact that the saints' names are not known, and therefore referred to with their number, and that they were martyrs, since the crown, together to the branches of palm, is an ancient symbol of martyrdom. According to the Passion of St. Sebastian, the four saints were soldiers who refused to sacrifice to Aesculapius, and therefore were killed by order of Emperor Diocletian (284-305). The bodies of the martyrs were buried in the cemetery of Santi Marcellino e Pietro, on the fourth mile of via Labicana, by Pope Miltiades and St Sebastian (whose skull is preserved in the church). Miltiades decided that the martyrs should be venerated with the names of Claudius, Nicostratus, Simpronianus and Castorius; these names — together to a fifth, Simplicius — were those of five Pannonian martyr stonemasons. These martyrs were later identified with the four martyrs from Albano, Secundus (or Severus), Severianus, Carpoforus (Carpophorus) and Victorinus (Vittorinus). The bodies of the martyrs are kept in four ancient sarcophagi in the crypt. According to a lapid dated 1123, the head of one of the four martyrs is buried in Santa Maria in Cosmedin.
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Ss. Quattro Coronati Reviews
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  • This minor Roman basilica is located on the Caelian Hill in Rome, half way from the Colosseum and the San Giovanni Basilica. Originally built in C. IV, the church owes its name (“Four Crowned...  more »
  • The basilica owes its name to 4 martyred (crowned) soldiers, it is not known precisely whether for refusing to worship the god esculapio, or for refusing to kill sculptors who in turn refused to...  more »
Google
  • The Ss. Quattro Coronati/ the Four Crouwned/ is a very old church and monastery. For certain period of time it was the Pope residence. Visited it in the morning and nuns were singing, they really had fantastic voices. Attached is a photo with the full history of Ss. Quattro Coronati. Worth to visit it.
  • Santi Quattro Coronati is an ancient church in Rome. It dates back to the 4th century, and is dedicated to four anonymous saints and martyrs. You should visit the cloister that is really beautiful and romantic...

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