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Palazzo Senatorio, Rome

4.6
#1,048 of 2,906 in Things to do in Rome



The Capitolium or Capitoline Hill ( KAP-it-ə-lyne, kə-PIT-; Italian: Campidoglio [kampiˈdɔʎʎo]; Latin: Mōns Capitōlīnus [ˈmõːs kapɪtoːˈliːnʊs]), between the Forum and the Campus Martius, is one of the Seven Hills of Rome.


The hill was earlier known as Mons Saturnius, dedicated to the god Saturn. The word Capitolium first meant the temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus later built here, and afterwards it was used for the whole hill (and even other temples of Jupiter on other hills), thus Mons Capitolinus (the adjective noun of Capitolium). In an etiological myth, ancient sources connect the name to caput ("head", "summit") and the tale was that, when laying the foundations for the temple, the head of a man was found, some sources even saying it was the head of some Tolus or Olus. The Capitolium was regarded by the Romans as indestructible, and was adopted as a symbol of eternity.
By the 16th century, Capitolinus had become Capitolino in Italian, and Capitolium Campidoglio. The Capitoline Hill contains few ancient ground-level ruins, as they are almost entirely covered up by Medieval and Renaissance palaces (now housing the Capitoline Museums) that surround a piazza, a significant urban plan designed by Michelangelo.


The word Capitolium still lives in the English word capitol, and the Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C. is widely assumed to be named after the Capitoline Hill.
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TripAdvisor
  • This Renaissance palace built in 13th century stands atop the Tabularium , which had once housed the archive of Ancient Rome , it’s double staircases was designed by Michelangelo during the...  more »
  • The Senatorial Palace is located beside Rome's Piazza del Campidoglio. The significance of this Renaissance plaza is that it was conceived by Michelangelo (1536). The Senatorial Palace and Piazza del....  more »
Google
  • It looks best from the roof of Altare della Patria at dawn. The Altare della Patria closes at 7 pm. So you have got time from first of November until end of March to see the sun going down on Altare della Patria and have this kind of light...
  • Give it a try If you are around Salvatore Della Patria or Colosseo or Piazza Venezia... it looks FABULOUS from the outside

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