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Fontana Dei Dioscuri, Rome

4.6
#774 of 2,907 in Things to do in Rome
The Fontana dei Dioscuri is the fountain set opposite the Palazzo del Quirinale, the official residence of the President of the Italian Republic in the Piazza del Quirinale.


The original fountain, which no longer exists, commissioned by Pope Sixtus V in 1588, had the Dioscuri, Castor and Pollux statues, from Constantine I of Rome's Baths, moved to the piazza, from the site, thought to have been nearby, flanking it.


In the late 1780s by Antinori, was commissioned by Pope Pius VI, to make a better layout for the piazza and had the fountain and the Dioscuri moved, and included the large Obelisk which had been moved from the Campus Martius in the design.


Some time between, that original fountain was lost, and, in 1818 a new one, which can be seen today, was commissioned by Pope Pius VII and was designed by Raffaele Stern using an ancient granite Roman shell that had been found in the 16th century supported on top of a large basin. It was sited in front of the two statues with the obelisk between them.


In 1810, the Rome-based sculptor Paolo Triscornia sent the reduced copies of the Dioscuri to Saint Petersburg for his compatriot Giacomo Quarenghi. They were put up in front of the Saint Petersburg Manege six years later.
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Fontana Dei Dioscuri Reviews
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  • This fountain is in Piazza del Quirinale next to the Palazzo del Quirinale, the official residence of the President of Italy. It is an OK looking fountain set in an OK Piazza. The fountain was...  more »
  • This Fountain of the Dioscuri is also known as Fontana di Piazza del Quirinale and is located in Piazza Quirinale. A Roman obelisk stands in the centre of the circular basin of the fountain.  more »
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  • Another beautiful fountain, that called the Dioscuri, elegant in its beautiful white marble forms, is located in Rome, in the center of the Square of the Quirinale, in front of the entrance of the palace. The fountain, also called the Fountain of Monte Cavallo, of imperial age, coming from the Baths of Constantine and depicting the twins Castore and Polluce, the Dioscuri, who hold their horses for the reins.
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  • Some hints on the Fountain of the Dioscuri. From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. The Fountain, so-called, of the Dioscuri is located in Rome, in the center of the square of Quirinale, opposite the entrance of the palace. History and Description Finished in 1587 the restoration and the restoration of the ancient Alexandrian aqueduct, called "Happy Water" by the name of Pope Sixtus V, to the Happy century Peretti, under whose pontificate the work was finished, as had been done in Precedence for the Aqua Virgo, work began for an underground secondary branching of the duct, in order to ensure the water supply of the areas of the Viminal and Quirinal Hills, then poorly served, and came accordingly The building of a certain number of fountains was also planned. After the terminal exhibition of the aqueduct, designed by his brother Giovanni, was entrusted to Domenico Fontana the realization of that post in front of the summer residence of the pontiff (the Palazzo del Quirinale, in fact), whose yard was, at the time, still open . In The square was, coming from the nearby baths of Constantine, the imposing marble group of the Dioscuri (but, according to a recent interpretation, it would be a sculptural group of the THIRD century D. C. Representative Alessandro Magno young man with his Indomitable Bucefalo horse in double version), composed of two male figures who restrain their horses (probably copies of Greek originals), turned towards the site of the ancient Baths (the beginning of the current via Nazionale). The Fountain ordered the restoration, transported them in a more central position in the square, in order to close the scenery of the long via Pia (the current Via Del Quirinale and via XX Settembre) and turned them so that they were facing the palace, then placed the new fountain to The feet of the group, placed on a high pedestal. It was a four-sided bathtub, at the centre of which a pillar supported a basin from which the water was precipitated. The structure, partly taking up the model of the Laportiano, rested on three steps, at the highest level was placed a further narrow underground bath that surrounded the main one. In the second half of the SEVENTEENTH century Pope Alexander VII thought of transferring the fountain to Piazza Santi Apostoli, but the project was not put in place, as well as that, at the beginning of the EIGHTEENTH century, conceived by Pope Clement XI, to replace the entire work with the Column Antonina, recently discovered in Piazza Montecitorio. Only in 1782 Pope Pius VI carried out a project to reset the entire square, in which he also found a new structure of the fountain, commissioned to the architect Antinori: The block of the Dioscuri (?) was separated and the two groups rotated so as to be among them at right angles; In the middle was raised one of the two obelisks adorning the tomb of the Emperor Augustus, recovered at the base of the sixteenth-century Hospital of San Rocco a Ripetta. The Fountain was dismantled to be replaced with a circular granite bathtub recovered from the area of the "Vaccine Field", the area between the Circus Maximus and the Tiber...
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