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Ipolytarnóc is a village in Hungary, Nógrád county. There is a fossil site close to it, the Ipolytarnoc Fossils Nature Conservation Area.Ipolytarnoc fossilsSometimes referred to as the "Prehistoric Pompeii", Ipolytarnóc stores 23-17 million year old fossils. These include the teeth of 24 different species of sharks as well as the teeth of crocodiles and dolphins, an almost 100 m tall petrified pine, more than 15,000 subtropical, exotic leaves and 3,000 animal footprints of 11 species. This is one of the world's richest complex fossil footprint find site. The fossils can be viewed thanks to a volcanic catastrophe which buried a whole subtropical jungle under volcanic ash, thus preserving them. The site became protected in 1944 and is managed by the Directorate of the Bükk National Park. It is worth visiting because of the fossils and their high-tech interpretation. As a new development, the Site became the main gateway to the world's second transborder geopark, the Novohrad-Nógrád Geopark, in 2010.Shark teethThe reworked shoreline sandstone layers of the 23 Ma old sea sediments bear a very rich marine fauna. The so-called "shark toothbearing beds" contain, besides shark teeth, a mixture of bones from rays, dolphins, manatees and crocodilians. After the 1903 description of Koch, the "Ipolytarnóc shark tooth-bearing bed" became the characteristic marker bed of the Eggenburgian stage of the Lower Miocene in the Central Paratethys. The original fauna as described more than 100 years ago was revised recently based on new finds. The result shows a very diverse Lower Miocene shark community that includes 19 genera with 16 certain species.
Ipolytarnoc is in Nograd County. To arrange what you want to do in Ipolytarnoc, use our Hungary tour planner.
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Duration: 1​h 30​min
Duration: 30​min