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Polotsk or Polatsk is a historical city in Belarus, situated on the Dvina River. It is the center of the Polatsk Raion in Vitebsk Voblast. Its population is more than 80,000 people. It is served by Polotsk Airport and during the Cold War was home to Borovitsy air base.NomenclatureThe Old East Slavic name, Polotesk, derives from the Polota River, which flows into the Western Dvina nearby. The Vikings rendered that name as Palteskja.HistoryPolotsk is one of the most ancient cities of the Eastern Slavs. The Primary Chronicle (a history of Kievan Rus' from about 850 to 1110, compiled in Kiev about 1113) listed Polotsk in 862 (as Полотескъ, /poloteskŭ/), together with Murom and Beloozero. However, an archaeological expedition from the Institute of History of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus suggests that Polotsk existed in the first half of the 9th century.The first known prince of Polotsk was Rogvolod (ruled 945–978). He had two sons and a daughter named Rogneda. Rogvolod promised Rogneda to the prince of Kiev, Yaropolk, as a wife. But Yaropolk's brother, Vladimir, had attacked Polotsk before Yaropolk came. He killed Rogvolod, his wife and sons, and married Rogneda. Polotsk is in Vitebsk Region. Use our Belarus trip itinerary app to arrange the hows, wheres, and whens of your trip to Polotsk.
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Top Polotsk tours
Minsk - Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve - Polotsk - Minsk BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $267
Duration: 9 to 12 hours
Private Tour: Khatyn Memorial Complex - Polotsk City BOOK WITH VIATOR FROM $343
Duration: 10 to 12 hours
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