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Guelma is the capital of Guelma Province and Guelma District, located in north-eastern Algeria, about 65 kilometers from the Mediterranean coast. Its location corresponds to that of ancient Calama.HistoryAntiquityThough Guelma was settled from early prehistory, it was first established as a town under the Phoenicians, who called it Malaca, probably a Phoenician word meaning "salt" (sharing a common etymology with Málaga in Spain). Later, the Romans settled the area and renamed it Calama, part of the Roman province of Numidia. Calama prospered during the rise of Christianity; Saint Possidius was bishop of Guelma during the 5th century. Later, the Vandal invasion devastated the area until the coming of the Byzantines, who settled the area and built city walls to protect it from further invasions. It was located in the Byzantine Exarchate of Africa. However, after the successful Islamic conquest of Algeria, the area was abandoned as a formal settlement, even later, during Ottoman rule.Guelma is in Guelma Province. Use our Algeria driving holiday planner to plan your trip to Guelma and other destinations in Algeria.
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53 days in Algeria BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA February, popular sights PREFERENCES: February ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 1 day in Guelma BY A USER FROM ALGERIA July, popular sights PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 1 day in Guelma BY A USER FROM ALGERIA June, popular sights PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 5 days in Guelma Province BY A USER FROM ALGERIA May, popular sights PREFERENCES: May ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 2 days in Algeria BY A USER FROM ALGERIA November, popular sights PREFERENCES: November ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium